Introduction to the School of Art:

Is the Shroud of Turin an authentic relic of Christ or simply a medieval work of art? It would seem that the input of professional artists and those familiar with medieval art techniques would be relevant. There are many potential research papers that can be written that draw upon the role of art and the Shroud image. Look also in the School of Chemistry and the School of Physics for more insights on the nature of the Shroud image and its comparison to known art works.

Questions and Topics for Students
  • If the Shroud is simply the work of an artist, is there an artist capable of such a feat who, based on the historical trail, would have lived over 100 years earlier than Leonardo Da’Vinci?
  • What are the paint materials and techniques known to exist in the 1300’s if it is indeed medieval as Carbon Dating suggests?
  • Does the history of icon images dating back to the 6th Century indicate an ancient origin of the Shroud?
  • Was the Shroud image the same as the “Image Not Made by Hands” from which all Orthodox icon images derive their genesis starting in 544AD?

Featured Content
VideoBlog Interview with Isabel Piczek on location from her LA studio
Shroud Report Interview with Isabel Piczek
Dr. Alan Whanger shows how ancient icon images were based on Shroud image
Clues from Ancient Icon Images (from Shroud Encounter)
Clues from Hungarian Pray Manuscript (from Shroud Encounter)
Artist Jack Reilly explains the relationship with ancient icons


Combined Review by Mark Antonacci and Patrick Byrne of recent books: “The Sign” by Thomas de Wesselow
and “Resurrected or Revived?” by Helmut Felzmann Link

Is an ancient mosaic depicting the face of Jesus based on the Shroud?
Is it the earliest prototype for most Byzantine icons that followed:
See what Philip Dayvault, a former FBI special agent has uncovered. Link

Understanding Art within its Cultural Context by Danusha V. Goska: This is an excellent article written by a PHD candidate at Indiana University. It is a MUST READ.

A good primer on the study of ancient art and how it relates to the Shroud. Does it support the historical trail? From Dan Porter of

A good primer on comparing the Shroud with other works of art. Is it the work of an artist? From

Isabel PiczekThe next three papers are contributed by Isabel Piczek, a renowned artist and expert in sacred art. Many in America and the west do not understand the science of art. Not only is Isabel a phenomenal artist she is also a theoretical physicist. As refugees from Communist Hungary, at the age of 14, Isabel and her 16 year old sister, Edith, submitted a sketch proposal for a mural to be painted in the Vatican library. They competed with 30 other skilled artists from Europe. Their work was selected against all the others. Isabel is a true prodigy and has gone on to grace cathedrals all over the world with her murals and stained glass masterpieces. She is well qualified to discuss the Shroud as an artwork.

Is the Shroud a Painting? Isabel Piczek tells why the Shroud cannot be the work of an artist. Lots of images in this article. From

"Alice In Wonderland and the Shroud of Turin" by Isabel Piczek, this is another article comparing the field of art with the Shroud image. It contains 54 images so be patient as it loads. From

Isabel's interpretation of the man on the Shroud based on the image.

Another contribution from Isabel, this is a study of the negative image on the Shroud and the concept of negativity through the ages. From

From the Fine Art Registry Journal, Joan Altabe's article is titled "Mistakes in Attribution" as part of the "Truth in Art" series. This article offers some critical evaluation of Walter McCrone's work authenticating or debunking various works of art. Not everyone in the art world is impressed.


Another question related to art is the role of Orthodox Iconography in uncovering the ancient origins of the Shroud. Could the First Century legend of King Abgar of Edessa be the first clue? What was discovered in 544? Whatever it was, it became known as the Image of Edessa. Could it have been the Shroud? It was also known as the “Image not made by hands” and was the genesis for all Orthodox Icons that followed. The study of Iconography is an attempt to determine if the Shroud image is the same as the Edessa Image. It may explain why so many icon images have unique similarities to the Shroud image.

A short article on the role of Orthodox Icons and how they might have been influenced by the Shroud. From the Shroud of Turin Education Project

The following is a good primer on how Icons were prepared and how they developed as a spiritual discipline. After Constantine legitimized Christianity, Icons became a visual theology beginning in the 4th century. From

Article features an interesting sequence of ancient icons that may indicate an “Iconographic Trail”. From

A short summary of iconography as a way of tracing the historical trail back to the 6 th century. From

“The Cathar Crucifix, New Evidence of the Shroud’s Missing History” by Jack Markwardt. From

Here is a lengthy and well illustrated paper, “The Mystical Shroud-Images and the Resurrection” by James E. Damon. From

The Sinai Icon from the Monastery of St. Catherine in Egypt was created in 550 AD and is considered to be the first and most important icon based on the Edessa Image discovered in 544 AD. It has been determined to have over 200 points of congruence with the Shroud image. From

The following site shows a variety of Icons that derive their genesis from the Edessa Image. From

Byzantine frescoes and the Turin Shroud by Lennox Manton

The Cappadocian frescoes and the Turin Shroud by Lennox Manton

Nicholas Allen postulates that the Shroud image was made by a "primitive camera obscura" projecting the image of an actual corpse onto the Shroud over the course of several days. Here is a critique of his theory by professional photographer and image specialist, Barrie Schwortz. From

There are many more Journal articles listed in the Library in the Articles section. Many Journal articles cannot be linked here due to copyright restrictions. Scientific journal articles can be obtained from your school library or can be purchased from the publisher. Most schools subscribe to a journal sharing service where these articles can be accessed without a fee such as:

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